Although many people now access the census on the web, and never on microfilm, census sources continue to be extremely useful

Although many people now access the census on the web, and never on microfilm, census sources continue to be extremely useful

11. The nationwide Archives sources for censuses

Search machines on sites differ, and so they also can alter in the long run, however the original National Archives sources never change. For those who have a complete guide, you can make use of it to locate a full page on or on, even although you have acquired it from an alternate website, or from several other supply. This might be especially of good use whenever an individual can be located employing name search on a single site, yet not on another, as a result of variations in transcription.

You will probably find census sources quoted in publications and articles, and you’ll must also understand how to make use of them if you should be consulting our online and hard-copy street indexes (see area 4.2).

A census guide has three elements that are main a department (page) rule, a set quantity, and a bit quantity. The division and show codes for every single census 12 months are:

  • 1841 and 1851: HO 107
  • 1861: RG 9
  • 1871: RG 10
  • 1881: RG 11
  • 1891: RG 12
  • 1901: RG 13
  • 1911: RG 14

A piece may include a huge selection of pages, so extra information is needed to get the right spot within a piece. The census returns for many years follow a format that is single but you will find somewhat various arrangements for 1841 and 1911.

Census returns from 1851 to 1901

The additional refererence is just a folio quantity and (optionally) a web page quantity.

Each piece contains enumeration that is several with numbered pages. Later on, folio figures had been stamped at the top right corner of any page that is right-hand beginning at the beginning of the piece and continuing through all of the enumeration publications. Since folio figures appear just on alternative pages, each folio represents the page where it seems and also the after web page. Consequently a string, piece and folio guide lets you find the perfect couple of pages but a full page number could be put into the guide to determine a single web page, if required, like in this instance through the 1891 census:

The nationwide Archives guide with this web web page, from the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, web web web Page 5.

Both and provide a precise guide search center for every single census 12 months.

The 1841 census

Each piece in 1841 is further divided in to books, therefore a full guide needs to incorporate a guide quantity following the piece quantity, for instance HO 107/1298/8. Each guide then contains its series that is own of figures.

The 1911 census

For the time that is first home schedules had been held, in the place of being copied into enumeration publications. Each piece represents an enumeration region, and rather than folio figures, each household features an unique schedule quantity within the top right-hand part, making sure that a guide is going to be when you look at the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227.

Organizations and vessels would not have routine figures, alternatively the given information ended up being recorded straight into unique enumeration books with numbered pages, as in previous census years.

12. Censuses for Scotland and Ireland

Scotland, 1841-1911

Search and see the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (Ј).

Census returns for Scotland are nearly identical in structure to those for England and Wales, with the exception of 1911, whenever likewise detailed information had been collected but ended up being copied into enumeration publications like in past years, so might there be no home schedules or enumerators’ summary books.

Indexes towards the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 will also be available on (Ј) and (Ј). Neither of those indexes has links to digitised pictures.

Regrettably, few 19th-century census that is irish have actually survived; many had been lost as soon as the Public Record Office ended up being damaged when you look at the fire during the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. Just the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along side a rather little quantity of previous comes back. View digitised and indexed images associated with the Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including north Ireland) on the National Archives of Ireland site.

13. Uk colonies and protectorates

Censuses had been additionally consumed numerous colonies that are british exactly the same dates such as great britain. Surviving documents among these will usually be located when you look at the nation of beginning, and never when you look at the National Archives. The only exceptions to this are:

  • Census of settlers and convicts in brand brand brand New Southern Wales and Tasmania 1828 in HO 10/21-27. These papers may be downloaded cost-free as Digital microfilm. a version that is name-indexed additionally online at ( Ј )
  • Census of Surinam 1811 in CO 278/15-25. A number of the documents have been in English, however the bulk have been in Dutch
  • Census (of this white populace just) of Barbados 1715 in CO 28/16
  • Census of Sierra Leone: ‘population and liberated Africans’ 1831 in CO 267/111
  • Census of Heligoland 1881 in CO 122/37

14. Other useful online resources

Access census street indexes inside our online Archive. These are archived pages that are no longer edited or updated as with all content in the UK Government Web Archive.

Learn about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of guy. the Your Archives pages now held in britain Government internet Archive.

Browse Vision of Britain for reports considering information from censuses as much as 1971, or seek out census information relating to a district or town

Consult The on line Historical Population Reports for online use of the population that is complete for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and substantial back ground information, including samples of documents.

15. Further reading

Use our collection catalogue to locate a suggested book list. The publications are typical obtainable in The National Archives’ guide library. It’s also possible to have the ability to locate them in a library that is local.

Look at the nationwide Archives’ bookshop for a selection of magazines relating to records that are census.

Search our blog sites for articles concerning the census.

Watch the video Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins.

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